Connecting to postgres using domain sockets and libpq

We recently started using Goose to run our migrations, and I wanted to connect to the Postgres instance on a local machine using a domain socket. The documentation states:

Name of host to connect to. If this begins with a slash, it specifies Unix-domain communication rather than TCP/IP communication; the value is the name of the directory in which the socket file is stored. The default behavior when host is not specified is to connect to a Unix-domain socket in /tmp (or whatever socket directory was specified when PostgreSQL was built). On machines without Unix-domain sockets, the default is to connect to localhost.

So I assumed that specifying a connection string without a host would “just work”:

db, err := sql.Open("postgres", "dbname=foo")

This doesn’t return an error, but any attempt to use the connection resulted in a “bad connection” failure. For some reason I needed to specify the path to the socket (which wasn’t in /tmp on the Debian instance I was using!):

db, err := sql.Open("postgres", "host=/run/postgresql dbname=foo sslmode=disable")

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